Screencasts are video recordings of what is shown on a computerâ€™s screen made using special software. They are usually short and accompanied by audio. They may show the whole screen or just a part of it and include special effects such as zooming in, calling out certain sections or highlighting the cursor.
The word screencast was coined by journalist Jon Udell in an article published in InfoWorld in 2004. However, it was back in the early 1990s when screencast software began to appear, though they only had limited features. The first was ScreenCam from Lotus. There are now a great number of screencast programs. There are lots of different kinds (proprietary, free, online, etc.) and for all the different operating systems.
Basically, screencasts are short video recordings of that shown on the computerâ€™s screen and represent an alternative to text to aid understanding.
Often, that explained via voice or text can be difficult to follow or understand. However, if supported by some form of image or animation, it becomes simpler and easier to understand.
Screencasts are used, above all, to create tutorials and demos of how applications, tools or software work. There are many examples on platforms such as YouTube or Vimeo. But they are also used to visually show the steps that have to be taken for a particular procedure to make the learning easier.
So screencasting can become a vital tool for user support services looking to help resolve doubts and overcome difficulties when using online services, resources or applications.
Screencasts have for years been a commonly used tool at the UOC Library for user support in helping to resolve the doubts and problems arising. The response from users could not be more positive.
At the UOC Library, as well as becoming a really useful tool for dealing with usersâ€™ queries and problems, screencasts are also now widely used for training videos (known as knowledge pills) on the Libraryâ€™s resources and services: http://biblioteca.uoc.edu/en/how-it-works/tools-and-library-services
Wikipedia has an extensive comparison of the most popular screencasting software: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_screencasting_software
The Library Group of the Consorci de Serveis Universitaris de Catalunya (Catalan University Services Consortium, CSUC) has been analysing some of the next generation of products, including Sierra, Alma and WMS.
The groupâ€™s main aim, as we have said in previous posts, is to analyse the state of the art in next-generation library software.
The work carried out to date has been to assess whether this new software is a good fit for the consortium.
We have attended an Ex Libris Alma presentation and been to the Orbis Cascade conference, so we have some information. The Alma system looks like a powerful tool with well organized information. Ex Libris has produced a fully integrated software solution merging all the different types of collection (books, e-books, journals, databases, etc.) into one interface. The discovery tool, Primo, has everything you would expect in a discovery tool, but it also allows for some configuration of the relevancy of the results. As far as we can see it is a powerful tool and continually evolving.
Another software solution is Innovative’s Sierra. The consortium currently works with Millennium, so we know how the program works. Our feeling is that Sierra is more or less the same as Millennium. Some improvements have been added and the discovery tool, Encore Duet, (as was the case with Primo) has all the functionality you would expect. In this case, however, there is something that is never explained: the integration between Sierra and EBSCO Discovery Service (EDS). None of the presentations showed how to manage electronic collections or how to have items appear in the discovery tool. Innovative are still using a Java client for librarians, whereas the others are using web clients.
Finally there is OCLC WMS. As with Alma, it is a fully integrated platform. It was built to manage the OCLC consortium, and both local and consortium needs are supported by the system. The whole World Catalog infrastructure has to be analysed to see if it would fit with our consortium. There are some functionalities that are locally customizable and some related to the discovery tool that are interesting. The overall impression of WMS is that it is good software that meets our expectations.
This is what we have seen. We have had the chance to look at some aspects of the software and analyse them in different ways. It should be pointed out that these were sales presentations, where some information is highlighted and other information hidden. Knowing that, the consortium will continue to collect information as it decides whether it is a good time to change the library system.
Reproducible Research (RR) or reproducible data analysis is the idea and practice to complement scholarly journal articles with all the information needed to reproduce the results they present.
Very often scientific studies rely on complex textual explanations of what has been done to analyze the data that can overwhelm the reader that has to accept them as an act of faith.
To avoid this, a good way to understand better what has been done is to provide the raw data and an univoque description of the procedures used to analyze it. This practice will allow the scientific community to reproduce the results, work along with the data and assert the validity of the results.
Many tools have appeared with the advent of Big Data and the need to analyze large datasets, specially around R, a language and environment for statistical computing and graphics thatâ€™s becoming a kind of standard de facto in open science. Here are some toolsÂ of the RÂ ecosystem that allows to publish the results along with the methods and the data.
- RStudio IDE is a powerful and productive user interface for R, free, open source and multiplatform.
- rOpenSci is a collection of analyses and methods can be easily shared, replicated, and extended by other researchers, accessibleÂ through the R statistical programming environment.
- KnitRÂ isÂ an elegant, flexible and fast dynamic report generation with R that allows to incorporate R, Python and other live code snippets in a document, and comes packaged with RStudio.
- SlidifyÂ isÂ a tool to write slides in R Markdown,Â a format that combines the core syntax of Markdown with embedded code chunks that are executed.
- RPubs is aÂ tool to publish and share directly from R Markdown.
Last year during the Open Education Week (11-15 March, 2013) the UOC took part in the projectÂ ORIOLE (Open Resources: Influence on learners & educators), in collaboration with The Open University (OU) UK and the Universitat de Barcelona (UB), by launching the ORIOLE survey 2013 about the reuse of educational resources.
The ORIOLE Survey 2013 collected information about the contexts in which open resource use may occur, looking particularly at attitudes about reuse of educational resources (OER) in teaching. What influences open resources in education is a topic of relevance to anyone taking on forward engagement with open education and the answers lie with those who are working directly in the delivery of learning and teaching, and those who support this work.
In 2011, the ORIOLE project developed and distributed an online survey (conducted Chris Pegler, OU), based on earlier UK-based RLO surveys and research, and directed specifically at practitioners in the UK higher education and further education community. In 2013, a further survey was distributed, this time with a more international focus, available in English and Spanish and with some modified questions. This second version, ORIOLE Survey 2013, was made possible through the collaborative work of Chris Pegler and myself (I joined to ORIOLE project during a visiting fellowship to OU in late of 2012) and our institutions.
The results of ORIOLE Survey 2013 were published last month in Qualitative Research of Education:
Santos-Hermosa, G. (2014). ORIOLE, in the Search for Evidence of OER in Teaching. Experiences in the Use, Re-use and the Sharing and Influence of Repositories. Qualitative Research in Education, 3(1) 232-268. doi: 10.4771/qre.2014.46
I invite you to have a look and comment
For more information about both ORIOLE project andÂ survey, you can check the following:
At universities and in academia in general, people are well aware of the need to make responsible, ethical and legal use of information in their academic work and, thus, the need to clearly identify ideas and material taken from other sources and authors. In short, they are well aware of the need to avoid plagiarism.
Authors of scholarly works are also aware of the need not just to cite their sources, but also to cite them correctly in accordance with the most common citation styles in each field (APA, MLA, Vancouver, Chicago, ISO 690, etc.).
This good practice has been helped in great part by the growing popularity of bibliographic reference managers (Mendeley, RefWorks, Zotero, etc.) that make this often tiring task that accompanies the writing of an academic or research paper much easier.
Recently, we have seen a need that researchers and authors of academic works and articles wouldnâ€™t even have imagined a few years ago: the need to include citations from the social web.
The UOC Library is well aware of this new need and has started work on new guides and self-training videos to respond to our usersâ€™ requirements.
In the meantime, while we wait for these guides to be made available to our users, this post offers a look at some examples of how to cite texts taken from the leading sources on the social web in accordance with the American Psychological Association (APA) style, as can be found on its website (http://www.apastyle.org/).
Surname, initial. (Year, month day). Title of the blog post. [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxx.xxx
User. (Year, month day). The full post [Twitter post]. Retrieved from http://twitter.com/user
Username. (Year, month day). The full post. [Facebook update]. Retrieved from http://facebook.com
4. YouTube, Vimeo, etc.:
Surname, initial. [Screen name] (Year, month day). Title of the video. [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/specificURL
And if you want to cite this post:
Cervera, A. (2014, July, 7). Citing the social web. [Blog post]. Retrieved from http://labs.biblioteca.uoc.edu/blog/