Last year during the Open Education Week (11-15 March, 2013) the UOC took part in the project ORIOLE (Open Resources: Influence on learners & educators), in collaboration with The Open University (OU) UK and the Universitat de Barcelona (UB), by launching the ORIOLE survey 2013 about the reuse of educational resources.

The ORIOLE Survey 2013 collected information about the contexts in which open resource use may occur, looking particularly at attitudes about reuse of educational resources (OER) in teaching. What influences open resources in education is a topic of relevance to anyone taking on forward engagement with open education and the answers lie with those who are working directly in the delivery of learning and teaching, and those who support this work.

logo and mission

In 2011, the ORIOLE project developed and distributed an online survey (conducted Chris Pegler, OU), based on earlier UK-based RLO surveys and research, and directed specifically at practitioners in the UK higher education and further education community. In 2013, a further survey was distributed, this time with a more international focus, available in English and Spanish and with some modified questions. This second version, ORIOLE Survey 2013, was made possible through the collaborative work of Chris Pegler and myself (I joined to ORIOLE project during a visiting fellowship to OU in late of 2012) and our institutions.

The results of ORIOLE Survey 2013 were published last month in Qualitative Research of Education:

Santos-Hermosa, G. (2014). ORIOLE, in the Search for Evidence of OER in Teaching. Experiences in the Use, Re-use and the Sharing and Influence of Repositories. Qualitative Research in Education, 3(1) 232-268. doi: 10.4771/qre.2014.46

I invite you to have a look and comment :-)

For more information about both ORIOLE project and survey, you can check the following:


Citing the social web


At universities and in academia in general, people are well aware of the need to make responsible, ethical and legal use of information in their academic work and, thus, the need to clearly identify ideas and material taken from other sources and authors. In short, they are well aware of the need to avoid plagiarism.

Authors of scholarly works are also aware of the need not just to cite their sources, but also to cite them correctly in accordance with the most common citation styles in each field (APA, MLA, Vancouver, Chicago, ISO 690, etc.).

This good practice has been helped in great part by the growing popularity of bibliographic reference managers (Mendeley, RefWorks, Zotero, etc.) that make this often tiring task that accompanies the writing of an academic or research paper much easier.

Recently, we have seen a need that researchers and authors of academic works and articles wouldn’t even have imagined a few years ago: the need to include citations from the social web.

The UOC Library is well aware of this new need and has started work on new guides and self-training videos to respond to our users’ requirements.

In the meantime, while we wait for these guides to be made available to our users, this post offers a look at some examples of how to cite texts taken from the leading sources on the social web in accordance with the American Psychological Association (APA) style, as can be found on its website (


1. Blog:

Surname, initial. (Year, month day). Title of the blog post. [Blog post]. Retrieved from


2. Twitter:

User. (Year, month day). The full post [Twitter post]. Retrieved from


3. Facebook:

Username. (Year, month day). The full post. [Facebook update]. Retrieved from


4. YouTube, Vimeo, etc.:

Surname, initial. [Screen name] (Year, month day). Title of the video. [Video file]. Retrieved from


And if you want to cite this post:

Cervera, A. (2014, July, 7). Citing the social web. [Blog post]. Retrieved from



Finding out about Serial Solutions

As part of the project to analyse new library software, we attended a Serials Solutions presentation.

Library software companies are preparing updates to their old fashioned systems, bringing them into line with the new concept of library systems.

It is no longer enough to have a good ILS with lots of features.

This may have been the priority in the past, but now the focus has to be on the users.

Google is easy, you enter a few words in the search box and get the results. Libraries need to work on that and provide more valuable information. If they don’t, users will never use them.

We already know about Serial Solutions’ Summon, which is the discovery tool used by the UOC’s Library. We have already talked about it here on the blog.


The number of installations of Summon is increasing every day thanks to a good marketing campaign and its adaptability in comparison with current library systems.

Another of the products that they have launched is Counter, a powerful tool to analyse the use of the resources offered in Summon. Analysing this data was a tough task for librarians who had to spend lots of time organizing the information.

But, are there plans to develop an ILS? Everybody has heard the rumour that Serials Solutions are developing an ILS called Intota.

During the presentation, Serial Solutions staff stated that they were focusing on all their efforts on Summon, which is understandable as it is the market leader.

However, they are working on developing Intota and have started with Intota Assessment. As far as I understand, it is a complement to Counter, helping analyse the collection of books and serials and letting those responsible use this information to make decisions about collection development.

They gave us information on the development of Intota, saying that it will be step by step. They are to develop different parts of the software, letting libraries work with their own ILS and Intota simultaneously until development is completed.

That is hard to understand, but from the point of view of the company, aware of the fact that the ILS market is full of alternatives, spending efforts to develop a competitive system is a lost war.

Serial Solutions are focusing on what they know. They are experts in electronic resources management. This is what sets them apart, alongside having a discovery tool as powerful as theirs.

We’ll have to see how the market plays out and if their strategy works as they’ve planned.


Citing is easy with WorldCat

It is taken as read that faculty, researchers and doctoral students must know how to properly cite any source of information they consult and use in their knowledge creation process, and that they must know how to produce the bibliographies that have to accompany their research work and scientific articles.

They normally use the most common bibliographic reference managers (Mendeley, RefWorks, Zotero, etc.), which make this laborious part of their academic and research work much easier.

A bibliographic reference manager is software that, once installed and registered on, lets users create their own bibliographic database, storing the reference data of articles, books or web pages consulted for their subsequent entering as citations in any text.

These bibliographic reference managers let users export the citations used in the text as a bibliography in a wide variety of the most common bibliographic formats (ISO 690,  APA, Chicago, Vancouver, MLA, etc.).

Degree students, however, do not normally use bibliographic reference managers. Likewise, they are not well versed in the criteria for citing documents or the correct presentation of bibliographies, despite the efforts of library and language services at universities and their providing guides, manuals and all kinds of resources to help them learn how to cite correctly and produce bibliographies in accordance with basic criteria and standards such as ISO 690:2010.

Students are often unaware of a very useful resource for citing documents correctly in any of the most commonly used bibliographic styles: WorldCat. It is the online catalogue from the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) and thought to be the largest Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) in the world with a bibliographic collection covering more than 10,000 public and private libraries from around the globe.

When citing a document in a given bibliographic style, users can search for it in WorldCat. In the document’s bibliographic record, they simply need to click on the option to “Cite/Export” at the top right. Just one click provides access to the bibliographic citation in the most common standards (APA, Harvard, Chicago, MLA, Turabian).


This quick and simple way of citing sources and producing properly formatted bibliographies should make life easy for students.

Budget restrictions are affecting both Universities and Libraries, so University Libraries are in a quite vulnerable position. Consequently, we’re obliged to take advantage of free tools and resources if we want to innovate. With this in mind, and with the idea of opening the events programmed for the Open Access Week in the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) and coordinated by the UOC Virtual Library to the world, we planned to live stream  the main event, the workshop “Open Acess, repositories and copyleft workshop”. Once we realised that we didn’t have enough budget for live streaming with the Audiovisual Service of the University, we decided to test a free live streaming tool for video.

There are some online tools for video streaming, the most widely used are: Bambuser, Livestream, Ustream and Most of them have free and premium accounts. With a free account you can stream from your 3G phone or your computer, but probably you can’t connect a camera or stream in HD quality and your account will not be ad-free. For more information on these services you can have a look at this interesting article and this comparison both published in the Streaming media magazine.

In this case, we decided to test Bambuser because of the facility of use and due to knowing the experience of the People Witness network within the social movements in Spain. Besides, there are several online tutorials and a really efficient customer service.

Steps to follow

First of all, you need to create an account by signing up in Bambuser and filling in the form.


In the next step, it’s strongly recommended to connect Bambuser with your Facebook and/or Twitter accounts for a wider diffusion, this way your broadcasts will be automatically posted in your social networks. Following other users with similar interests is a good way of starting a network or community of interest in this platform.

 Afterwards, you can choose your setup options for broadcasting: smartphone or webcam. You can change this setting at any time to broadcast both ways. In the UOC Library, as we need this account for broadcasting events, talks, workshops… we’re going to use a webcam for assuring a better quality.

In our case we created a corporative account and our user is UOCbiblioteca.


Your Bambuser account with your live broadcasts can be embedded in your website or blog just by copying the html code which appers in your channel homepage under the “Embed code” section. This way the last streaming will be shown on your website, as you can see bellow.


If otherwise you just want to integrate a particular broadcast, once you’re in the broadcast screen click on the Share button and copy and paste the html code in your website.


Good practices

The use of hastags makes it easier to monitor broadcasts on a specific subject in the social networks and to collect all of them with free online tools, as Rebelmouse for example. 


More information

A more detailed tutorial on How to stream, as well as links to other ones, can be found at the People Witness wiki, collaboratively collected and curated by the participants in the People Witness project.

Page 1 of 512345